Founded by the Romans in 43AD, London is the capital of England and the UK and is the most populated city in Europe (if you pick your measurements carefully!). Home to a huge range of people and cultures, more than 300 languages are spoken in the city which has become an important centre for culture, tourism, and finance.

Public Transport

London is served by a very efficient public transport system without which it would quickly grind to a halt (as can be seen whenever part of it stops working). Making your way around London, you have a choice of buses, trains (both overground and underground), trams, and even some boats on the river.

The metro system in London is officially known as The London Underground, though all Londoners refer to it by its nickname of “The Tube.” As well as being the second longest metro system in the world, it is also the oldest, having been started in 1863, back when carriages were pulled by steam trains.

Tube trains are undoubtedly the fastest way to travel around London, but they can get very busy at peak times. The other drawback with the Tube is that you don’t get to see much of London. By contrast, travelling by bus allows you to see all of the historic architecture as you travel through the city. Buses may be slower though, over short distances, this is not a major problem.

Things to do in London

The variety of museums, theatres, historic sites, and famous shops in London is so large you would need an entire website to list them all. Luckily, there are several. Visit London is the official tourist guide to the city, though TimeOutTripAdvisor and Lonely Planet are, of course, also excellent resources of information about the city.